An acid is any hydrogen-containing substance that is capable of donating a proton (hydrogen ion) to another substance. A base is a molecule or ion able to accept a hydrogen ion from an acid. Acidic substances are usually identified by their sour taste.
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What is an acid Class 7?The substances that taste sour are called acid and their nature is acidic. The term acid is derived from a Latin word acere which means sour. Examples of acidic substances are Curd containing lactic acid, lemon juice and tomato containing citric acid, and vinegar containing acetic acid.

What are acids and examples?

Examples of acids include the inorganic substances known as the mineral acids—sulfuric, nitric, hydrochloric, and phosphoric acids—and the organic compounds belonging to the carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, and phenol groups.

What is an acid Class 10?

Acid: It is defined as a chemical compound with a sour taste and a pH value less than 7. Examples of organic acids are acetic acid (vinegar), citric acid (lemon juice), lactic acid(milk) and organic acids are hydrochloric acid (HCl), sulphuric acid (H2SO4 ), nitric acid (HNO3).

What is acid explain with example?

acid, any substance that in water solution tastes sour, changes the colour of certain indicators (e.g., reddens blue litmus paper), reacts with some metals (e.g., iron) to liberate hydrogen, reacts with bases to form salts, and promotes certain chemical reactions (acid catalysis).

Related Questions

What are acids give two examples?

Acids are sour in taste. Examples: Sulfuric acid [H2SO4], Hydrochloric acid [HCl], Acetic acid [CH3COOH].

What is called acid?

An acid is any substance that in water solution tastes sour, changes blue litmus paper to red, reacts with some metals to liberate hydrogen, reacts with bases to form salts, and promotes chemical reactions (acid catalysis).

What is acid and base for Class 7?

Acids are sour in taste. Generally, bases are bitter in taste and soapy to touch. Acid turns blue litmus red. Bases turn red litmus blue.

What is an acid easy definition?

An acid is a chemical substance, usually a liquid, which contains hydrogen and can react with other substances to form salts. Some acids burn or dissolve other substances that they come into contact with.

What is an acid give 5 examples?

Acids are substances that give up Hydrogen ions in solution. Acids are corrosive to metals while releasing Hydrogen gas, have a pH between 0 and 6.9 and are sour to the taste. There are many common substances that are acids: lemon juice (citric acid), vinegar (acetic acid), stomach acid, and soda pop (carbonic acid).

What is acid short answer?

What is an acid, as defined in chemistry? An acid is any substance that in water solution tastes sour, changes blue litmus paper to red, reacts with some metals to liberate hydrogen, reacts with bases to form salts, and promotes chemical reactions (acid catalysis).

What is the definition of acid in chemistry?

(A-sid) A chemical that gives off hydrogen ions in water and forms salts by combining with certain metals. Acids have a sour taste and turn certain dyes red. Some acids made by the body, such as gastric acid, can help organs work the way they should. An example of an acid is hydrochloric acid.

What is acid and base for 8 class?

Such compounds imparting sour taste are called acids. Acids are soluble in water and they are corrosive in nature. Animals and plants also possess acids in them. Base is a substance whose water solution gives hydroxide (OH-) ion.

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